Help End Prison Gerrymandering Prison gerrymandering funnels political power away from urban communities to legislators who have prisons in their (often white, rural) districts. More than a decade ago, the Prison Policy Initiative put numbers on the problem and sparked the movement to end prison gerrymandering.

Can you help us continue the fight? Thank you.

—Peter Wagner, Executive Director

Hanover County, Virginia

According to the 2000 Census, Hanover County, Virginia has a population of 86,320 people. Of those, 76,242 (88%) are White, 8,065 (9%) are Black, and 847 (1%) are Latino[1]. However, 545 (or 1% of the 86,320 people) are not residents by choice but are people in prison.

Even though prisoners cannot participate in the local community, the Census Bureau nevertheless counts them as residents of the county where they are incarcerated.

A more accurate description would not include the prisoners. This would give Hanover County a population of 85,775 with a demographic that is 89% White, 9% Black, and 1% Latino.

Reported in
Census 2000
Total 86,320 545 85,775
White 76,242 260 75,982
Black 8,065 272 7,793
Latino 847 21 826


[1]The numbers for Whites, Blacks and Latinos may not add up to the total number because we have not included racial groups other than Whites and Blacks and because the Census Bureau considers "Latino" to be an ethnicity, not a race. Most of the people reported as being Latino are also counted as being White or Black.

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