Help End Prison Gerrymandering Prison gerrymandering funnels political power away from urban communities to legislators who have prisons in their (often white, rural) districts. More than a decade ago, the Prison Policy Initiative put numbers on the problem and sparked the movement to end prison gerrymandering.

Can you help us continue the fight? Thank you.

—Peter Wagner, Executive Director

Wood County, Texas

According to the 2000 Census, Wood County, Texas has a population of 36,752 people. Of those, 32,749 (89%) are White, 2,250 (6%) are Black, and 2,102 (6%) are Latino[1]. However, 572 (or 2% of the 36,752 people) are not residents by choice but are people in prison.

Even though prisoners cannot participate in the local community, the Census Bureau nevertheless counts them as residents of the county where they are incarcerated.

A more accurate description would not include the prisoners. This would give Wood County a population of 36,180 with a demographic that is 89% White, 6% Black, and 6% Latino.

Reported in
Census 2000
Total 36,752 572 36,180
White 32,749 390 32,359
Black 2,250 152 2,098
Latino 2,102 39 2,063


[1]The numbers for Whites, Blacks and Latinos may not add up to the total number because we have not included racial groups other than Whites and Blacks and because the Census Bureau considers "Latino" to be an ethnicity, not a race. Most of the people reported as being Latino are also counted as being White or Black.

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