Help End Prison Gerrymandering Prison gerrymandering funnels political power away from urban communities to legislators who have prisons in their (often white, rural) districts. More than a decade ago, the Prison Policy Initiative put numbers on the problem and sparked the movement to end prison gerrymandering.

Can you help us continue the fight? Thank you.

—Peter Wagner, Executive Director

Woods County, Oklahoma

According to the 2000 Census, Woods County, Oklahoma has a population of 9,089 people. Of those, 8,490 (93%) are White, 216 (2%) are Black, and 220 (2%) are Latino[1]. However, 431 (or 5% of the 9,089 people) are not residents by choice but are people in prison.

Even though prisoners cannot participate in the local community, the Census Bureau nevertheless counts them as residents of the county where they are incarcerated.

A more accurate description would not include the prisoners. This would give Woods County a population of 8,658 with a demographic that is 95% White, 1% Black, and 2% Latino.

Reported in
Census 2000
Total 9,089 431 8,658
White 8,490 242 8,248
Black 216 123 93
Latino 220 22 198


[1]The numbers for Whites, Blacks and Latinos may not add up to the total number because we have not included racial groups other than Whites and Blacks and because the Census Bureau considers "Latino" to be an ethnicity, not a race. Most of the people reported as being Latino are also counted as being White or Black.

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