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Prison gerrymandering gives extra political power to legislators who have prisons in their districts. We put numbers on the problem and sparked a movement to protect our democratic process from the overgrown prison system.

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Atoka County, Oklahoma

According to the 2000 Census, Atoka County, Oklahoma has a population of 13,879 people. Of those, 10,528 (77%) are White, 814 (6%) are Black, and 196 (1%) are Latino[1]. However, 1,433 (or 10% of the 13,879 people) are not residents by choice but are people in prison.

Even though prisoners cannot participate in the local community, the Census Bureau nevertheless counts them as residents of the county where they are incarcerated.

A more accurate description would not include the prisoners. This would give Atoka County a population of 12,446 with a demographic that is 77% White, 3% Black, and 1% Latino.

Reported in
Census 2000
Total 13,879 1,433 12,446
White 10,528 886 9,642
Black 814 393 421
Latino 196 56 140


[1]The numbers for Whites, Blacks and Latinos may not add up to the total number because we have not included racial groups other than Whites and Blacks and because the Census Bureau considers "Latino" to be an ethnicity, not a race. Most of the people reported as being Latino are also counted as being White or Black.

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