Help End Prison Gerrymandering Prison gerrymandering funnels political power away from urban communities to legislators who have prisons in their (often white, rural) districts. More than a decade ago, the Prison Policy Initiative put numbers on the problem and sparked the movement to end prison gerrymandering.

Can you help us continue the fight? Thank you.

—Peter Wagner, Executive Director

Alfalfa County, Oklahoma

According to the 2000 Census, Alfalfa County, Oklahoma has a population of 6,105 people. Of those, 5,459 (89%) are White, 256 (4%) are Black, and 177 (3%) are Latino[1]. However, 985 (or 16% of the 6,105 people) are not residents by choice but are people in prison.

Even though prisoners cannot participate in the local community, the Census Bureau nevertheless counts them as residents of the county where they are incarcerated.

A more accurate description would not include the prisoners. This would give Alfalfa County a population of 5,120 with a demographic that is 96% White, 0% Black, and 2% Latino.

Reported in
Census 2000
Total 6,105 985 5,120
White 5,459 562 4,897
Black 256 244 12
Latino 177 71 106


[1]The numbers for Whites, Blacks and Latinos may not add up to the total number because we have not included racial groups other than Whites and Blacks and because the Census Bureau considers "Latino" to be an ethnicity, not a race. Most of the people reported as being Latino are also counted as being White or Black.

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