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Prison gerrymandering gives extra political power to legislators who have prisons in their districts. We put numbers on the problem and sparked a movement to protect our democratic process from the overgrown prison system.

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Livingston County, New York

According to the 2000 Census, Livingston County, New York has a population of 64,328 people. Of those, 60,494 (94%) are White, 1,938 (2%) are Black, and 1,459 (2%) are Latino[1]. However, 2,463 (or 4% of the 64,328 people) are not residents by choice but are people in prison.

Even though prisoners cannot participate in the local community, the Census Bureau nevertheless counts them as residents of the county where they are incarcerated.

A more accurate description would not include the prisoners. This would give Livingston County a population of 61,865 with a demographic that is 96% White, 1% Black, and 1% Latino.

Reported in
Census 2000
Total 64,328 2,463 61,865
White 60,494 947 59,547
Black 1,938 1,247 691
Latino 1,459 572 887


[1]The numbers for Whites, Blacks and Latinos may not add up to the total number because we have not included racial groups other than Whites and Blacks and because the Census Bureau considers "Latino" to be an ethnicity, not a race. Most of the people reported as being Latino are also counted as being White or Black.

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