Help End Prison Gerrymandering Prison gerrymandering funnels political power away from urban communities to legislators who have prisons in their (often white, rural) districts. More than a decade ago, the Prison Policy Initiative put numbers on the problem and sparked the movement to end prison gerrymandering.

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—Peter Wagner, Executive Director
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Wilcox County, Alabama

According to the 2000 Census, Wilcox County, Alabama has a population of 13,183 people. Of those, 3,626 (23%) are White, 9,479 (69%) are Black, and 97 (746%) are Latino[1]. However, 163 (or 1% of the 13,183 people) are not residents by choice but are people in prison.

Even though prisoners cannot participate in the local community, the Census Bureau nevertheless counts them as residents of the county where they are incarcerated.

A more accurate description would not include the prisoners. This would give Wilcox County a population of 13,020 with a demographic that is 28% White, 72% Black, and 1% Latino.

Reported in
Census 2000
Incarcerated
population
Actual
population
Total 13,183 163 13,020
White 3,626 33 3,593
Black 9,479 128 9,351
Latino 97 0 97


Notes:

[1]The numbers for Whites, Blacks and Latinos may not add up to the total number because we have not included racial groups other than Whites and Blacks and because the Census Bureau considers "Latino" to be an ethnicity, not a race. Most of the people reported as being Latino are also counted as being White or Black.



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